Copenhagen Green Agenda

Copenhagen is one of the world’s most liveable cities. The city fuses quality of life at a local level with a global outlook. It is internationally renowned for its innovative approach to climate challenges and the environment, and has a reputation as the world’s best city for cyclists.

Copenhagen has shown remarkable results working with urban development challenges in relation to the environment, traffic safety and congestion. The driving ambition is to become the first carbon-neutral capital city by 2025. To achieve this goal, Copenhagen wants to be the European leader within green technology and innovation. The City of Copenhagen has embraced ITS and green mobility and is active in a number of innovation projects. This includes making public transport more attractive and less polluting as well as raising the average speed of cyclists by using ITS solutions to prolong green lights. It is about finding solutions that are smarter, greener and healthier. The green agenda goes hand in hand with citizens’ needs. A green city is a precondition for a liveable and healthy city. ITS can help improve traffic flow as well as road safety and promote cycling and public transport.

Below you will find a guide and a description of sessions within the Copenhagen green agenda. The overall themes of the Copenhagen green agenda are:

  • The CPH 2025 Climate plan
  • The Copenhagen ITS Program
  • Cycling

The CPH 2025 Climate Plan

Copenhagen wants to be carbon neutral by 2025. It is a political ambition that Copenhagen as a Metropolis and capital must assume responsibility for the climate and show that it is possible to generate growth and progress while also reducing CO2 emissions.

The CPH 2025 Climate Plan is the implementation plan for the City of Copenhagen up to 2025. But the CPH 2025 Climate Plan is more than a plan for climate activities. It also indicates ways in which authorities, universities and businesses have to collaborate. It is a plan detailing how Copenhageners can contribute to and engage themselves in climate tasks. It is a plan outlining how the energy companies of the future will be promoting a resource-efficient metropolis. It is a plan laying down the practices of the municipality in its role as one of the country’s largest employers. Finally, it is a plan for using the ambitions about carbon neutrality as leverage for innovation, new jobs and investments. To realise these ambitions, Copenhagen must act smarter and greener – and be open to new opportunities.

Read more about the CPH 2025 Climate Plan:

The Copenhagen ITS Program

The ITS Program is one of the initiatives in Copenhagen’s Climate Plan and is expected to make a considerable contribution to the city’s CO2 reduction targets for 2025. The ITS Program supports the goals within green mobility and improves traffic flow. The vision is that ITS enables road users to reach their destination more easily through smarter and greener traffic management for all modes of traffic with a special focus on making cycling, walking and public transport even more efficient and attractive.

To gain the full impact of the ITS-initiatives a Traffic Management Plan and an ITS Action Plan have been carried out. Focus has been on getting most out of existing capacity. In many streets in Copenhagen, traffic flow changes a lot during the day. Handling traffic flow in a more dynamic way ensures a more efficient use of street capacity.

Traffic Management Plan
The Traffic Management Plan offers a clear strategy on how to prioritize cyclists, pedestrians, public busses and cars by a set of measurable service goals for how long a trip through the city should last on the main roads.

As such, the Traffic Management Plan is an important political document and organizational tool to focus not only ITS investments in Copenhagen but also other planning initiatives like coordination of construction work and urban life events.

ITS actions
The ITS Action Plan has formed the basis for a larger ITS tender on innovative urban ITS solutions for the benefit of citizens and users. The technology is seen as enabler for a better street and city life.
The ITS action plan contains solutions like:

  • Traffic Signal Optimization: Optimizing and coordinating signal controllers to enhance traffic along selected corridors according to the service goals thus enhancing the quality of travelling for cyclists and bus passengers while maintaining the quality for cars.
  • Traffic Management and sensor network: Building a system for real time traffic management / operation of flow according to service goals and political priorities. Early detection and handling of incidents utilizing Copenhagen’s road network to the max.
    A sensor network delivers real time data for minute-by-minute traffic operation.
  • Variable message signs for cyclists: Creating new services for cyclists with dynamic and relevant traffic information for optimizing bicycle traffic flow on corridors.
  • Eco-driving: Reducing the number of stops for both trucks, cars and bicycles by providing dynamic speed advice at intersections by using time-to-green and time-to-red facilities for reducing CO2 emissions and improving the travel experience.
  • Intelligent Street Lighting: Improving night traffic safety for cyclists and pedestrians when the street lights are dimmed to reduce CO2 emissions. Cyclists and pedestrians approaching an intersection are detected and the illumination levels are brought back to 100% while they pass the intersection.
  • Dynamic Urban Space: Working with a more flexible use of the limited urban space by using empty parking spaces during the daytime for street life activities.

Read more about the ITS action plan:


In Copenhagen, cycling represents a serious means of transport. 43 % of all trips to work or study is done by bicycle, and several streets have over 30,000 cyclists daily. In peak hours, bicycles often outnumber cars. Given the flexible and enjoyable nature of Copenhagen’s bicycle traffic, many car owners use their bicycles as part of their daily transportation, and public transport users bring their bikes on the train – for free.

Most Copenhageners choose the bicycle because it’s the easiest and fastest way to get around in Copenhagen. This is the result of a comprehensive network of dedicated bicycle infrastructure with 379 km separated bicycle tracks, safe intersection design and larger shortcuts such as bicycle- and pedestrian bridges across the city’s many canals and busy roads.

The City of Copenhagen prioritizes a data-driven and holistic approach, where traffic development and user needs are documented and monitored continually. Thus, cycling is treated as an integrated system where both infrastructure, maintenance, policy and user interaction are keys to success.

ITS solutions for cyclists are continuously being developed and piloted, such as variable message signs; warning lights for right-turning vehicles; green waves on busy bicycle commuter corridors; intelligent street lighting; countdown signals before traffic lights; wayfinding app with options for fastest route, greenest route and cargo bicycle routes; and simulation models which calculate travel time effects of intersection interventions.

Read more about Cycling:

Program elements within the Copenhagen green agenda

Monday 17 September

IOT advancing automated mobility and smart cities for improved quality of life (SIS04)

Monday 17 September 2018, 11:00–12:30

Place: Berlin (B4 M1-2)

The urban population is growing continuously and now exceeds 75% in most EU countries. EU cities face expanding challenges for water, energy, environment and mobility management, and therefore need innovative platforms to administer their resources and services more efficiently. The Internet of Things, which will soon see all electronic devices connected to the internet, is expected to change our lives significantly. Connected devices will generate an abundance of useful information. Big Data produced by large numbers of IoT devices will impact the future of cities and play a major role in providing possible solutions to various societal challenges. Can mobility in cities be improved by Automated Driving and the Internet of Things to enhance quality of life? How can we deal with cyber-security, privacy and interoperability? These are questions that this Special Interest Session will answer.

 Defining Smart Cities: What is best for its citizens? (SIS12)

Monday 17 September 2018, 13:30–15:00

Place: Berlin (B4 M1-2)

 Over the past several years, “Smart Cities” have been the subject of many conferences and presentations at prior ITS World Congress. Further, there is a wide variety of definitions of a Smart City. While the technologies that can be used to make a city smart have been identified, one aspect of Smart Cities that has not been covered extensively is basing the selection of technologies on user needs expressed by citizens and travelers. This session will discuss citizen involvement in Smart Cities and exemplary processes that ensure that Smart Cities solutions are based on the needs of city residents and travelers.

 Tuesday 18 September

Greater Copenhagen Join our Cross-Border Break Out Session

Tuesday 18 September, 9:00–10:30

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.

 Greater Copenhagen is where Denmark meets Sweden and Scandinavia meets the world. We cooperate and connect people across sectors, industries, cultures and countries, thinking new and smarter.

Our metropolitan region are challenged with congestion, a growing population and global competition are increasing. To meet these challenges, we need to cooperate better and more intelligent across sectors and borders. To solve this, we have developed the Greater Copenhagen Traffic Charter.

Join our breakout session and meet representatives from the local and regional governments, and the Greater Copenhagen & Skåne Committee secretariat who will showcase and give you a firsthand experience on how we handle cross-border obstacles, in order to further develop the metropolitan area.

 Plenary 1 (PL1) – Achieving higher quality of life in our cities

Tuesday 18 September 2018, 11:00–12:30

Place: Bordeaux (Auditorium 11) & Vienna (Auditorium 12)

 The global population trend to living in cities brings many challenges, and in particular for city authorities. How do we manage the increasingly complex system of energy supply and the transport of goods & people while improving air quality, cutting congestion and mitigating the effects of climate change? How can we ensure that people and goods are able to travel safely in an innovative, multi-modal way across our cities? How do we, as a city, provide more efficient mobility choices, particularly for those who are mobility disadvantaged? In the future is it sufficient to be ‘smart’ and to maximise productivity and the efficiency of our existing transport infrastructure, or is expansion unavoidable? How can our policy and decision-making procedures keep pace with the rapidly evolving planning and mobility landscape? How can we improve mobility and create societal benefits, improve liveability and thus provide a better quality of life for all citizens?

ITS-programme in Copenhagen

Tuesday 18 September, 10:45-11:15

Thursday 20 September, 14:00–14:30 (in Danish)

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.

 Speaker: Mads Gaml; ITS Program Manager at Traffic and Urban Life, City of Copenhagen.

A presentation of the ITS programme in Copenhagen. As the first city in the world, Copenhagen has developed variable message signs exclusively for cyclists to improve information, travel time and suggest alternative routes to popular destinations. Copenhagen is also testing intelligent street lighting. To reduce energy consumption, the lights are lowered to 50% at night. Through smart technology, the lights turn back to 100% when a cyclist approaches. Another way that Copenhagen is furthering its green agenda is through the facilitation of eco-driving. Using a combination of an onboard unit and a multimodal app, it gives driver guidance for green light which improves fuel efficiency and reduces carbon emissions.

 The CPH 2025 Climate plan

Tuesday 18 September, 11:30-12:00

Thursday 20 September, 14:45–15:15 (in Danish)

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.

Speaker: Jørgen Abildgaard, Executive Climate Project Director, CPH2025 Climate Plan, City of Copenhagen.

Do you want to know more about Copenhagen’s climate agenda?

Copenhagen have set an ambitious target to become the first carbon neutral capital in the world by 2025. It is demands the development of innovative climate solutions through partnerships with different stakeholders including universities, private businesses and the Copenhagener’s. To set the pathway towards 2025 Copenhagen have made the comprehensive CPH2025 Climate Plan, which is divided into three implementation periods including all the necessary initiatives that are needed to realize carbon neutrality by 2025. The climate plan includes four different themes; energy consumption and production, mobility, and the city administration.

Technical visits, Copenhagen 1:1: City Traffic Management Platform and Dynamic Signal Control in City of Copenhagen

Tuesday 18 September, 11:00–12:30

The City of Copenhagen has the last three years had focus on optimizing major corridors on the road network – with focus on getting better mobility for the bicycles, pedestrians, public buses and motorists. By optimizing the traffic signals along the major corridors, the waiting time at controlled intersections is prevented or shortened. Thereby getting the maximum out of the road network. As such, cyclists, public transport bus passengers, pedestrians and motorist can be provided with service goals. Service goals that give cyclists and public transport a competitive edge over the motorcar in the city. Join us on this guided tour to learn more about traffic optimization in Copenhagen.

 Technical visits, Copenhagen 1:1: ITS solutions for cyclists in Copenhagen

Tuesday 18 September, 12:00–14:30 and 15:00 and 17:30

Visit to bicycle ITS solutions in Copenhagen. Join us on electric bicycles tour to see how Variable Message Signs (VMS) for bicycles provides dynamic information to cyclist based on real-time sensor data, how sensor data is used to prioritize cyclists in intersections and how bicycle barometers placed in key locations are used communicate to cyclists. See how LED lane lights and apps can make it easier to follow waves for cyclists. Try our “I Bike CPH” app first hand and experience the ITS services it offers to cyclists, and hear how this open source app can collect anonymous bicycle data like travel times and thereby support our traffic management for cyclists.

Technical visits, Copenhagen 1:1: Scaling C-ITS solutions in City of Copenhagen – a ITS experience in City of Copenhagen.

Tuesday 18 September, 13:00–14:30

City of Copenhagen has together with its technology partners Dynniq and Technolution since 2014 implemented cooperative services in almost 50 intersections in Copenhagen. The tour will present a state-of-the-art and realworld system and application for improving efficiency – a solution applicable for other cities. As part of the ITS experience you will hear more on the learnings on how to implement and scale up C-ITS solutions and impacts, and how the implemented C-ITS solutions are being upgraded to Day 1 / Day 1’5 C-ITS services in the C-MobILE project. 

Healthy and liveable cities (ES01)

Tuesday 18 September 2018, 13:30–15:00

Place: Bordeaux (Auditorium 11) 

Green and sustainable solutions are becoming more and more widespread in countries all over the world, not only as visions and political statements, but as a local theme influencing daily living and helping to improve the overall quality of life. From a mobility perspective, limited space in cities and continued growth comes with both challenges and opportunities. In the short-term smart and intelligent transport solutions are an important means to enhance people’s daily lives through seamless, smart, sustainable and safe mobility solutions. Long term city planning is a key tool for designing cities of tomorrow but it is not yet clear how best to incorporate ITS solutions. This session will address key questions including: What kind of mobility policies support the quality of life in a modern city? How do we ensure that potential solutions meet the need of citizens and businesses? How do we support mobility for all citizens – including children, the elderly and disabled? How do cities embrace the future of smart and intelligent transport systems and set the agenda for a better future world?

Connected, Cooperative and  Sustainable – How Cities can accelerate cycling through intelligent mobility solutions, workshop
Tuesday 18 September, 13:30-15:00
Place: ITS Forum, Exhibition area.

A majority of the transport sector’s innovation today is focused on motorized

transportation, even though cycling now is the fastest growing mode (14%). The

potential for accelerating sustainable transport such as cycling through ITS and other intelligent solutions is huge. How can cities and the private sector work together to make sure the innovations and new technologies of the future correspond with both public authorities and citizens’ needs for mobility, better use of public space, dealing with congestion, more quality of life, public health, vibrant urban life and reduced emissions and pollution?

In the debate session, the world’s two leading cycling countries, Denmark and the

Netherlands, will bring together global experts to deliver advice and discussions on the following topics:

  • Autonomous vehicles’ impact on cycling
  • Cycling and MaaS
  • Potential and issues related to dockless bike sharing and e-bikes / speed pedelecs
  • Space optimization through advanced cycle planning tools
  • Data management for bicycle traffic
  • ITS and cycling


City of Copenhagen in partnership with

Cycling Embassy of Denmark and Dutch Cycling Embassy

The value chains of (interactive) Traffic Management (SIS27)

Tuesday 18 September 2018, 13:30–15:00 Sydney (B4 M3-4)

Many initiatives and groups supported by the European Commission are rapidly developing technologies involving road data available from different sources. There is a need for coordination and a view on the full data and value chain leading to a better use of the road infrastructure. The objective of the session is to discuss an overview of the different elements present in the different possibilities for data and value chains. The session will address dynamic data, cooperation models, pilots and the different views on value and data chains. This will facilitate the creation of a common view and ways of cooperation between Service Providers, OEMs and Public Authorities in Europe, Asia and the US. The challenge for the combination of data and value chains, their consistency and ways forward will be discussed by international experts representing both public and private organisations as the city of Copenhagen, Here, Be-Mobile, CROCODILE and BMW.

Technical visits, Copenhagen 1:1: Copenhagen Street Lab and BLOXHUB

Tuesday 18 September, 14:30–17:30

Thursday 20 September, 14:30–17:00 

Copenhagen has dedicated an area in the heart of the city to test what role innovative technologies can play in initiatives to benefit the citizens. Copenhagen Street Lab showcases the newest solutions within smart city and IoT, including smart parking, mobility monitoring and smart waste management. The 1:1 urban laboratory provides proof of concept for decision-makers and companies and helps determine which qualified solutions to scale. The tour will offer a first-hand experience of how living labs can help create smarter, greener and more liveable cities, and will include a visit to BLOXHUB, Copenhagen’s new hub for sustainable urban development.

 How can Copenhagen become a CO2 neutral capital? (SIS29)

Tuesday 18 September 2018, 15:30–17:00

Place: Turin (B5 M3) 

As the first capital in the world, Copenhagen set a target to become CO2 neutral by 2025, but placing yourself in the forefront of the development of a sustainable city globally is huge challenge, especially related to mobility. However, Copenhagen’s experience shows it generates opportunities, which can be turned into an advantage for the city itself, contributing with direct CO2 reductions, green growth, and a healthier and more liveable city for the Copenhageners. Taking the lead, requires the development of innovative solution that my not exist, and this needs to happen in close relationship with expert partners from the business community. Through this session you will get an insight on how Copenhagen works with their ambitious climate target, and how green mobility solutions developed in collaboration with the private sector contributes to reaching it.

ITS and Cycle Superhighways: the good, the bad and all the potentials.

Tuesday 18 September, 15:30–17:00

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.

This session focuses on the good and the bad ITS solutions in regional bicycle planning – as well as all of the potentials. Two of the biggest challenges with ITS and regional bicycle planning are first of all that ITS solutions for bicycle traffic today are scarce, and secondly that regional planning calls for solutions that are adjustable to different municipal needs.

Presenters from the Capital Region of Denmark and other European regions will give insight to ITS solutions and potentials in regional bicycle planning both seen from the planners’ point of view (potential assessment and monitoring tools) as well as the cyclists point of view (traffic flow and information).

Copenhagen – City of cyclist

Tuesday 18 September, 17:15–17:45

Thursday 20 September, 11:30–12:00 (In Danish)

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.

This presentation will give an introduction to the secrets behind Copenhagen’s success in making the bicycle the fast and easy choice for the majority of the city’s commuters. Copenhagen’s unique approach combines infrastructure, ITS, governance and data, and sees the bicycle not as a goal in itself, but as a very effective tool to reach the overall goals of a sustainable, livable, resilient and CO2-neutral capital.

Speaker: Marie Kåstrup, Head of Bicycle Program, City of Copenhagen

Challenge of a common methodology to access its impact on reducing emissions (SIS38)

Tuesday 18 September 2018, 17:15–18:45

Place: Turin (B5 M3) 

Intelligent Transport Systems for road transport, whether in-vehicle, infrastructure or cloud-based, are recognised as having a potential to reduce the environmental footprint of this mode. Numerous studies and trials have produced good and interesting results, but ones which are rarely comparable across different locations or different ITS applications due to measurement methodologies, local circumstances, etc. This session will take stock of where we are now and discuss, in the context current environmental

targets, what next steps are possible or desirable in pursuit of a common Impact Assessment methodology for ITS applications concerning the reduction of different types of emissions such as CO2, NOx or Particulate Matter.


Wednesday 20 September

Technical sessions: HOST SESSION – Cross Border Solutions (TS37)

Wednesday 19 September 2018, 13:30–15:00

Place: Melbourne (B3 M6)

Technical sessions: Signal optimizing and Traffic Management (TS39)

Wednesday 19 September 2018, 15:30–17:00

Place: Turin (B5 M3) 

Technical visits, Copenhagen 1:1: Boat tour – Sustainable solutions in the liveable harbour.

Wednesday 19 September, 15:30–18:00

Thursday 20 September, 15:30–18:00

 The harbour of Copenhagen is rapidly changing. Gone are the industry and big ships of the past and in come the harbour baths, kayaks and life. On this tour we will focus on the urban transformation of the harbour and how the city aims for creating sustainable and liveable neighbourhoods along the docks of Copenhagen. We will visit the new developments of Southern and Northern part of the harbour and see some examples of how Copenhagen plans to become carbon neutral in 2025.

Thursday 20 September

Technical visits, Copenhagen 1:1: Bicycle planning is city planning

Thursday 20 September, 10:00–12:00 and 12:30–14:30

Copenhagen is known as the best bicycle city in the world. 41 % of all commutes to work or schools happen by bike and 97% state that they are happy with the quality of the bicycle infrastructure. This is not a coincident. The city and its many stakeholders have been working hard for decades to improve the network of bike lanes and the overall quality of the cycle experience. Safety and speed has been improved in many areas and for the first time Copenhagen has more cyclists than cars driving through the city centre. On this 2-hour cycle tour we will get the Copenhagen Cycle experience and learn how innovative bicycle solutions has made Copenhagen one of the world’s most liveable cities.

Copenhagen – City of cyclist

Thursday 20 September, 11:30–12:00 (In Danish)

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.
Speaker: Marie Kåstrup, Head of Bicycle Program, City of Copenhagen

ITS-programme in Copenhagen

Thursday 20 September, 14:00–14:30 (in Danish)

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.

Speaker: Mads Gaml; ITS Program Manager at Traffic and Urban Life, City of Copenhagen.

The CPH 2025 Climate plan

Thursday 20 September, 14:45–15:15 (in Danish)

Place: Hotel Bella Sky, Conference room 176-177.
Speaker: Klaus Bundgaard, Project Manager
, CPH2025 Climate Plan, City of Copenhagen.

ITS Decision-making in the round (SIS83)

Thursday 20 September 2018, 15:30–17:00

Place: ITS Forum

Gate 21, a public-private “enterprise partnership” for Greater Copenhagen for whom transport and mobility is a main axis of interest will prepare and host an “innovation session” at Copenhagen World Congress where a panel of their members representing all sectors will act out their decision-making process live before an audience of delegates & citizens. The subject will be an existing or planned collaborative project (e.g. ITS collaboration across countries), or will be a public exploration of options for the future (e.g. automated vehicles). The meeting will be a real-time process or a repeat of a real previous meeting. The meeting structure & timing will be prepared in advance, but the discussions and actions will be real and not scripted. Time will be allowed for healthy audience participation.

Technical visits, Copenhagen 1:1: Intelligent Street Lighting in Copenhagen

Thursday 20 September, 18:00–20:00 

Hear about Copenhagen City’s smart city network (the mesh network) installed in street lighting. Learn about the solutions, where cyclist and pedestrians are detected and the street lighting is adapted to actual traffic conditions. Get a chance to experience the functionality of the street lighting, the intelligent intersections and intelligent pedestrian crossings.

Friday 21 September

Technical sessions: Smart parking (TS76)

Friday 21 September 2018, 09:00–10:30

Place: Berlin (B4 M1-2) 

Technical sessions: ITS for cycling (TS79)

Friday 21 September 2018, 09:00–10:30

Place: Nagoya (B4 M5)

 Nordic Stream: MaaS in real life – The delegate APP? (NS13)

Friday 21 September 2018, 09:00–10:30
Place: Stockholm